Home. Fenugreek seeds, also known as methi seeds, are a common ingredient in Indian curries, as well as Turkish, Persian, Eritrean, Ethiopian, and Egyptian cuisine. Consider therapy modification.56, 57, 58, 59, Thrombolytic agents: Herbs (anticoagulant/antiplatelet properties) may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of thrombolytic agents. Wide-ranging dosages and differing preparations have been used in clinical studies. Last updated on Dec 20, 2018. Scientific name: Trigonella foenum-graecum. Fenugreek Thins Blood. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. The common name is widely used everywhere. HbA1c was also significantly reduced compared with controls (P = 0.009); however, fasting serum insulin levels were not significantly different. Cross-reactivity to chickpea, peanut, or coriander allergy is possible. Scientific Name(s): Trigonella foenum-graecum L.Common Name(s): Faenum graecum, Fenugreek, Huluba, Methi, Semen Trigonellae. Additionally, effects of fenugreek on lipid parameters were assessed and the pooled data revealed a significant decrease with fenugreek on triglycerides (−0.27 mmol/L; P=0.01) and total cholesterol (−0.30 mmol/L; P=0.03). The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Reductions of serum cholesterol (15% to 33%) from baseline were reported in all the trials identified.47 Results from further studies conducted among patients with diabetes found equivocal results, with most reporting decreases in total cholesterol, triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein.8, 34, 89, Antifungal and antibacterial properties have been demonstrated.17 A French patent was granted to a product containing extracts of several herbal products, including fenugreek, purported to have activity against human and animal flagellate parasites.48, Oral administration of fenugreek seed fractions and fiber products resulted in dose-dependent gastric protection similar to that of nonprescription antacid medication.17, 49, 50, 77 Because of the association of Helicobacter pylori with gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer, in vitro experimentation was conducted in H. pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells with 24 medicinal plants indigenous to Pakistan to evaluate their effect on secretion of IL-8 and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in order to assess anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective effects. Common effective dosages are around 1000mg. Trigonella foenum-graecum. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. Alternate Names Fenugreek is also known as Methya (in Marathi), menthya (in Kannada), Vendayam (in Tamil), Menthulu (in Telugu), Uluva (in Malayalam) , Uluhaal ( in Sinhalese), Methi ( (In Oriya,Bangla, Punjabi, Urdu and Hindi). Neither dose produced a significant reduction in postprandial blood glucose.76, A systematic review and meta-analysis identified 10 clinical trials that evaluated the effect of fenugreek intake on glucose homeostasis markers including fasting blood glucose, 2-hour postload glucose, HbA1c, and fasting serum insulin levels. Animal studies have demonstrated abortifacient effects in females and antifertility effects in males and females; whereas congenital malformations have been observed in humans as well as animals. Fenugreek is a plant that's used as a seasoning in the Middle East, Egypt, and India, but is it a good treatment for diabetes and high cholesterol? May increase estrogen in women. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -, http://www.faqs.org/patents/app/20110123656, http://www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/foodadditivesingredients/ucm091048.htm. Standardization of seed content has been reported on.4, 5, 6, 7, 8. A clinical trial evaluated the effects of fenugreek fiber 4 and 8 g at breakfast in adult non-diabetic patients with a body mass index of 30 or higher. It’s a common ingredient in Indian dishes and often taken as a supplement. 68, 69, 70, 79, 86, 90, An outbreak of Escherichia coli–related diarrhea in France and Germany in 2011 was associated with fenugreek sprouts.71, 72 Fenugreek sprouts have also been associated with some outbreaks of hemolytic–uremic syndrome caused by Shiga-toxin–producing Escherichia coli O104:H4 in Europe.80, 81, False diagnosis of maple syrup urine disease (see Pregnancy/Lactation) has been reported in several infants who were given fenugreek-containing herbal teas.53, 73, 74 The developing nervous system in children seems to be susceptible to fenugreek toxicity as demonstrated in both human and animal studies. It is … Fenugreek Herb Notes / Side Effects Latin Name. Fenugreek showed greater efficacy than placebo, but further, larger trials are required to determine if fenugreek has a place in the treatment of Parkinson disease.33 A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial found clinically significant beneficial changes in total and motor UPDRS scores as well as H & Y staging for 42 early Parkinson patients taking 300 mg twice daily of a standardized fenugreek extract for 6 months as a nutritional adjuvant to levodopa/carbidopa therapy.82, The galactomannan-rich soluble fiber fraction of fenugreek may be responsible for the antidiabetic activity of the seeds.3 Insulinotropic and antidiabetic properties also have been associated with the amino acid 4-hydroxyisoleucine, which occurs in fenugreek at a concentration of about 0.55%. Bleeding may occur. The Hindi name in English script is Methi, there are 2 types of fenugreek the seeds and the plant which can be cooked and used like spinach, I buy it dried here in Toronto Canada, I like it fresh but it has small oval leaves and you have to pick them off the stems. In healthy and diabetic animals and humans, fenugreek lowers cholesterol, blood triglyceride levels, and blood glucose levels. The use of fenugreek dates back to around 4000 BC. This form of cancer, which is common anywhere in the world, can fortunately be prevented with the help of anti-cancer foods such as fenugreek. Fenugreek is used as an ingredient in spice blends and a flavoring agent in foods, beverages, and tobacco. Only 1 study out of 7 showed an effect on insulin.44 Study methodology limitations exist. Big leaf Maple. Both fenugreek fiber doses significantly lowered patient-rated hunger and calories consumed at the next meal, and the higher dose produced a significant increase in insulin area under the curve. Fenugreek seed powder dosage was 1.8 to 2.7 g taken 3 times daily for the first 3 days of menstruation (total daily dose, 5.4 to 8.1 g). The name Trigonella foenum-graecum is derived from Latin which means "Greek hay" because people in those days used it as a cattle fodder. Bleeding may occur. turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. Fenugreek seeds have been used in traditional medicine to augment breast milk supply.54, 92 Fenugreek has been shown to stimulate sweat production, offering a possible mechanism of action. In North Africa, Asia, and southern Europe, fenugreek was traditionally used for diabetes and to … You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. Hence, scientific name of Fenugreek is used worldwide. Yellow Wild Indigo. Doses were varied and, at times, it was unclear if taken as fenugreek tea (seed powder) or seed-filled capsules for durations of 21 to 244 days.92, Agents with antiplatelet properties: Herbs (anticoagulant/antiplatelet properties) may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of agents with antiplatelet properties. When ingested in culinary quantities, fenugreek is usually devoid of adverse reactions. It is likely that both mechanisms contribute to the overall effect. Of the 217 supplement products implicated in liver injury, fenugreek was among the 22% (116) of the single-ingredient products.88, Based on animal studies, oral doses for humans should not exceed 350 mg/kg (21 g/60 kg) to prevent accidental overdose.90. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Fruits + Chicago Hardy Fig. Learn more about Fenugreek uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Fenugreek It is methi in Hindi, hulba in Arabic, moshoseitaro in Greek, uluva in Malayalam, shoot in Hebrew, and dari in Persian. For centuries, fenugreek has been taken to promote health and well-being. The seeds also contain the saponin fenugrin B. Limited clinical trial data suggest fenugreek extracts may have a role in the therapy of dyslipidemia, diabetes, and Parkinson disease; however, studies were limited and provided inconsistent dosing information, making it difficult to provide recommendations. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. In another study, micturition and dizziness were reported within 24 hours of acute administration of a 40 mg/kg single dose of aqueous leaf extract.90 A trial evaluating the safety of a standardized hydroalcoholic extract of fenugreek seeds at a dosage of 300 mg twice daily over 6 months reported no hematological or biochemical effects, including effects on liver and kidney function tests, over placebo.33 In contrast, animal studies have repeatedly documented histopathological and hematological changes in the liver and kidney.90, Fenugreek should be used with caution in individuals taking thyroid hormones because animal studies suggest that it may alter T3 and T4 levels.66, 67, Allergy to fenugreek is recognized; asthma, rhinitis, sneezing, excessive tearing, bronchospasm, numbness of head, facial angioedema, wheezing, and toxic epidermal necrolysis have been documented in several case reports. During roasting, a large proportion of the trigonelline is degraded to nicotinic acid and related pyridines. With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. On the other hand, foenum graecum means "Greek hay" and it is thought to be assigned by the Romans who got the plant from Greece , where the fenugreek plant has been a common crop since ancient times. Consider therapy modification.56, 57, 58, 59, Salicylates: Herbs (anticoagulant/antiplatelet properties) may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of salicylates. A 2005 study published in the Cell Biology International reported that fenugreek has protective effects against breast cancer, inhibiting “ mammary hyperplasia ” [ 19 ]. Consider therapy modification.56, 57, 58, 59, 78, Herbs (anticoagulant/antiplatelet properties): May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of other herbs (anticoagulant/antiplatelet properties). Phytother Res 2011;25:88-91) ~ Fenugreek has been shown to increase the production of milk in nursing mothers (Forinash, A. A standardized hydroalcoholic extract of fenugreek seeds is available, and a trial evaluated its use in patients with Parkinson disease at 300 mg twice daily for a period of 6 months. Consider therapy modification.56, 57, 58, 59, Hypoglycemic agents: Herbs (hypoglycemic properties) may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of hypoglycemic agents. Fenugreek oilextracted from the fenugreek seeds is also used for diabetes control, muscle spasm, enh… Plant tissue cultures from seeds grown under optimal conditions have been found to produce as much as 2% diosgenin with smaller amounts of gitongenin and trigogenin. Fenugreek doses ranged from 1 to 100 g (median, 6.3 g) given as a capsule or powder for 1 week to 3 years (median, 60 days). Fenugreek, Alhova, Bird's Foot, Greek Clover, Greek Hay, Hu Lu Ba, Methi, Trigonella Heterogeneity was significant for fasting blood glucose and 2-hour postload but not for HbA1c or fasting insulin serum results.83 Similar results were found with pooled data for FBG (−0.84 mmol/L; P=0.002), HbA1c (−1.16; P<0.00001), and 2-hour postprandial blood glucose (−1.3 mmol/L; P<0.001) in patients with diabetes or pre-diabetes compared to controls in a 2016 meta-analysis of 12 studies (N=1,173). Fenugreek in Spanish can be different from Fenugreek in English. Common name of Fenugreek is the name which changes with change in the regions. Transient and mild GI effects were the most commonly reported side effects in fenugreek groups; however, comparisons could not be drawn with hypoglycemic agents due to a lack of data on the latter. Fenugreek has been used to stimulate milk production in breast-feeding mothers, but data are insufficient to determine its efficacy and safety, and the extent of transmission of fenugreek-derived constituents into breast milk is unknown. Each pod contains about 10 to 20 small, yellowish-brown, angular seeds, which are dried to form the commercial spice. The seeds exhibit pungent aromatic properties 48); fenugreek is used as a spice in curry preparations 49), to flavour food, and to stimulate appetite.It has been observed that chronic oral administration of an ethanol extract of fenugreek (10 mg/day per 300 g body weight) increases food intake in rats, possibly due to the aromatic properties of the seeds 50). Fenugreek supplements do not have a specific dosage range that is known to be more effective. Mild and transient GI effects are most commonly reported; hypoglycemia, micturition, dizziness have also been documented within a range of doses and variety of preparations. Here are common names of Fenugreek: There are currently no items in this table. The maple aroma and flavor of fenugreek has led to its use in imitation maple syrup. Bleeding may occur. However, there are a few things to be on the lookout for. One small clinical study was conducted among patients with type 1 diabetes, and the balance was conducted among healthy participants or those with type 2 diabetes.8, 36 Most studies found a reduction of fasting blood glucose of 30 to 45 mg/dL,8, 43 and some showed a decrease in glycosylated hemoglobin. Fenugreek extracts are also used in soaps and cosmetics. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. Diosgenin, a precursor used in commercial steroid synthesis, is extracted from the seeds. Other names for the herbal spice include Greek hay, Greek hay seed, bird’s foot, Greek clover, foenugreek, sicklefruit fenugreek, hu lu ba, alholva, … Explore Fenugreek Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. As an herbal remedy, this is one of the most common uses and if true, it might be related to the seeds’ effect on estrogen and prolactin levels. The dried leaves of fenugreek are called Kasuri Methi (also spelled as Kasoori Methi), which are used as flavoring agent in Indian food and for treating digestive ailment in Ayurveda. It was a key ingredient in a 19th century patent medicine Lydia Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, which was used for dysmenorrhea and postmenopausal symptoms. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Common English name: Fenugreek, bird ‘s foot, Fresh Menthi, Greek -clover, Greek Hay, Sicklefruit, Cooper’s Clover Etymology: Fenugreek is derived from foenum- graecum, which in turn gives the scientific name of this plant.Foenum – graecum means ” Greek hay “. Common Name: Fenugreek, Sicklefruit fenugreek: Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae: USDA hardiness: 5-9: Known Hazards: The seed contains 1% saponins[240]. Cross-reactivity to legumes is possible; consider allergy potential with chickpea, peanuts, soybeans, lentils, lupin, green peas,or coriander. Fenugreek goes by many names around the world. Fenugreek powder is the dust form of the spice and is easily available in the market. This product has not been reviewed by the FDA to determine whether it is safe or effective and is not subject to the quality standards and safety information collection standards that are applicable to most prescription drugs. Select one or more newsletters to continue. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. A Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis of dietary supplements for dysmenorrhea identified only low or very low quality studies with very small sample sizes. Fenugreek, Trigonella foenum-graecum, is an herbaceous annual plant in the family Fabaceae grown for its leaves and seeds which are used as a herb or spice.The fenugreek plant may have a single stem or may be branched at the stem base. This in turn reduces the likelihood of these clots blocking tiny blood vessels, or even larger blood vessels which are important to the brain or heart itself. Liver transplant was also more frequent with toxicity from non-bodybuilding supplements (13%) than with conventional medications (3%) (P<0.001). Fenugreek has very few problems in an organic garden. So what is Fenugreek powder? Along with the scientific name of Fenugreek, know the scientific names of other plants too. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. No adverse effects were reported or observed with fenugreek extract.87. At the end of the study period, mean total menopausal symptom scores were significantly lower in the extract-treated group (−15.19) compared to placebo (−3.71; P <0.001), as well as compared to baseline. In the botany, fenugreek is a small annual leguminous herb belonging in the Fabaceae family, genus: Trigonella. [Source 47)] Fenugreek seeds. In vitro studies have indicated that this amino acid directly stimulates pancreatic beta-cells. Fenugreek is a plant also known as Alholva, Bird's Foot, Bockshornklee, Bockshornsame, Chandrika, Fenogreco, Foenugraeci Semen, Greek Clover, Greek Hay, Greek Hay Seed, Hu Lu Ba, Medhika, Methi, Sénégrain, Trigonella, Woo Lu Bar, and other names. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Unfortunately, it seems that most supplement companies start their ingredient formulations in the marketing room instead of with scientific data. Several coumarin compounds have been identified in fenugreek seeds, as well as a number of alkaloids (eg, trigonelline, gentianine, carpaine), including the alkaloid hydroxyisoleucine, which is considered to stimulate insulin secretion. Crookneck Squash. While other benefits are being studied, today fenugreek is most widely used and researched for two purposes: as a galactagogue, something that can help a breastfeeding mother increase her bre…